More and more often, supposed media deal with topics such as cannabis as medicine or cannabinoids in the treatment of various diseases. The vocabulary used is not always clear. Often terms like CBD oil, hemp oil, and hemp seed oil are used synonymously or mixed up. Is there a difference between CBD oil and hemp oil, or are they both one and the same?
Interest in the active ingredient cannabidiol and its therapeutically beneficial properties has grown incredibly recently. The cannabinoid is extracted, and the oil is a popular dietary supplement for increasing well-being and alleviating quite a few ailments. In creams or ointments, CBD has a wide range of uses for skin irritations and conditions like psoriasis.
CBD is the second most common cannabinoid next to THC but has no psychoactive effects. It has been found that CBD can mitigate the effects of THC. For the production of CBD oil, the cannabinoid is extracted from the flowers and leaves of certified hemp plants and mixed with a carrier oil such as olive or hemp seed oil.
The THC content in such oils is less than 0.2%, which is why there is no need to worry about problems with the law. The extraction is done with the help of supercritical CO₂ extraction. Under high pressure, the desired cannabinoids are dissolved from the plants by CO₂. In the course of the process, the pressure is lowered, and the CO₂ releases the active ingredients again. In this way, the natural ingredients are preserved. Now the extracted cannabinoids still have to be decarboxylated or activated so that they can produce an effect in our body. To do this, they are heated to a temperature of about 135°C for a certain period of time.
In this step, substances such as CBDa, which are found in the raw hemp plant only in acidic form, are converted into active CBD. CBD oil also contains other substances such as terpenes and flavonoids, which give the oil its typical aroma and play an important role in the entourage effect. Carrier oils such as coconut oil and other high-quality oils also provide our body with valuable fatty acids at the same time.
CBD has a wide range of uses and can have positive effects on a number of diseases and conditions when taken regularly as a dietary supplement. These include multiple sclerosis, osteoarthritis, inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, pain, nausea, sleep disorders, or psychological problems such as anxiety, insecurity, post-traumatic stress disorder, and many more. CBD’s versatile effects need further research.
Hemp or Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp seed oil, or simply hemp oil, is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant by cold pressing. This method of production is best suited for this purpose, as commercial hemp plants are predestined for the production of hemp oil due to their low THC content, massive seed production, and stable fibers.
The oil can be green or brownish in color, depending on how it is processed and has a bitter, nutty flavor. When un-hulled seeds are processed, the chlorophyll provides the green color, while hulled seeds are responsible for the brown color. Because of the high content of essential fatty acids, the hemp seed oil is considered an extremely high-quality edible oil. In addition, the fats occur in an optimal ratio so that our body can process them optimally.
Because our body cannot produce them itself, polyunsaturated fatty acids must be ingested through food. This makes hemp oil an excellent vegetable alternative to fish oil. However, without being heavily altered, hemp seed oil is not suitable for frying or deep-frying, as the fatty acids decompose over 165°C. Hemp oil is also currently the most popular carrier substance for CBD – which then becomes CBD oil.
While CBD oil is used as a dietary supplement primarily for its medicinal potential, hemp oil is a popular and high-quality edible oil that plays an important role as part of a healthy and conscious diet. Another difference is the production process. At our facilities we are experimenting with new compounds within hemp plants that may even further the medicinal values of the species.